R is a programming language that is gaining its importance in software development, machine learning and data science. R is free and open source software under GNU General public license and pre-compiled binary versions and libraries are also provided for various operating systems like MAC, Linux and Windows. R provides a software environment for Statistical Modeling of data, Exploratory Data Analysis, Graphics Representation and Reproducible Researches.
R is considered to be the dialect of S language. S language was founded in 1976 by John Chambers and later on at Bell Laboratories as an Internal Statistical Analysis Environment with its implementation of Fortran Libraries. Earlier versions of the language failed in containing various useful functions for Statistical Modeling which led to the development of R language. R Language was founded in 1991 by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and is currently developed by R Development Core Team.
R has its majority of applications in the field of data science and machine learning algorithms. Some of its applications include:
As a conclusion, R is proving to be world’s most widely used Statistical Programming Language. It is always the first choice of Data Scientists and also deployed in various critical Business Applications.